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This Glossary hopes to comprehensively summarize and define all terminology used on this website. If anything is left unclear, please reach out to us (, we are happy to answer your questions.

Agenda Coherence

This term stands for the appropriate, concerted approach of government actors on all levels and in all sectors for implementing the global post-2015 agendas in order to achieve their goals more effectively and more efficiently.

Critical Infrastructure

The physical structures, facilities, networks and other assets which provide services that are essential to the social and economic functioning of a community or society. (UNDRR/terminology)

Disaster Risk Management (DRM)

Disaster Risk Management is a continuous process that involves physical and non-physical measures and takes account of the underlying risk factors within a soceity. Disaster risk management aims to avoid the generation of new risks, improves resilience to the effects of natural events and contributes to sustainable development. (BMZ, based on IPCC 2012)

Global Initative on Disaster Risk Management (GIDRM)

A project commissioned by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ).


"International Cooperation with Regions for Sustainable Development” (German abbreviation: IZR)


The ability of a system, community or society exposed to hazards to resist, absorb, accomodate, adapt to, transform and recover from the effects of a hazard in a timely and efficient manner, including through the preservation and restoration of its essential basic structures and functions through risk management. (UNDRR/terminology)

Risk Transfer

The process of shifting the financial consequences of particular risks from one party to another, whereby a household, community, enterprise or state authority will obtain resources from the other party after a disaster occurs, in exchange for ongoing or compensatory social or financial benefits provided to that other party. (UNDRR/ terminology)

Sendai Framework

The Sendai Framework is a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders. It aims for the following outcome: The substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries.